Building Package or Kernel Modules Using a Script

You can use a script to build a single Photon OS package without rebuilding all Photon OS packages. You just need a .spec specification file and sources. You place the sources and the specification files in the same folder and run the script. The script performs the following steps:

  • Creates sandbox using docker.
  • Installs build tools and .spec build requirements from the Photon OS repository.
  • Runs rpmbuild.

Result: You have a native Photon OS RPM package.

The script is located in the photon/tools/scripts/ folder.


Before you run the script, perform the following steps:

  • Ensure you have any Linux OS with docker daemon running.
  • Place the source and RPM .spec files in the same folder, that is, $WORKDIR.


Run the script. Provide the RPM .spec file name, including absolute or relative path, as argument:

./photon/tools/scripts/ <$WORKDIR/rpm_spec_file.spec>

The RPMs and full build logs are generated in the $WORKDIR/stage folder.


The following example runs the script with simple-module.spec as argument, where simple-module.spec is the specification file:

./photon/tools/scripts/ ~/photon/tools/examples/build_spec/simple-module.spec

The following are the contents of the simple-module.spec file:

Summary:        Simple Linux module
Name:           simple-module
Version:        4.18.9
Release:        5%{?dist}
License:        GPLv2
Group:            System Environment/Kernel
Vendor:         VMware, Inc.
Distribution:     Photon
Source0:        module_example.tar.xz
BuildRequires:  linux-devel = 4.18.9
BuildRequires:  kmod
Requires:       linux = 4.18.9

Example of building linux module for Photon OS

%setup -q -n module_example

make -C `echo /usr/src/linux-headers-4.18.9*` M=`pwd` VERBOSE=1 modules %{?_smp_mflags}

make -C `echo /usr/src/linux-headers-4.18.9*` M=`pwd` INSTALL_MOD_PATH=%{buildroot} modules_install
# fix permissins to generate non empty debuginfo
find %{buildroot}/lib/modules -name '*.ko' -print0 | xargs -0 chmod u+x

/sbin/depmod -a


Build Logs

The followiing logs indicate the steps that the script performs internally:

1. Create sandbox
    Use local build template image OK
2. Prepare build environment
    Create source folder OK
    Copy sources from <HOME>/photon/tools/examples/build_spec/simple-module OK
    Install build requirements OK
3. Build
    Run rpmbuild OK
4. Get binaries
    Copy RPMS OK
    Copy SRPMS OK
5. Destroy sandbox
    Stop container OK
    Remove container OK

Build completed. RPMS are in '<HOME>/photon/tools/examples/build_spec/simple-module/stage' folder

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