Building OVA image

Perform the following steps to build OVA on Ubuntu:

  1. Install the packages:

    sudo apt-get -y install bison gawk g++ createrepo python-aptdaemon genisoimage texinfo python-requests libfuse-dev libssl-dev uuid-dev libreadline-dev kpartx git bc
  2. Get Docker:

    wget -qO- | sh
  3. Install pip

    sudo apt install python3-pip
    pip3 install git+
    git clone
    If you encounter an error for LOCALE when you run these commands, then export the following variables in the terminal:
        export LC_ALL="en_US.UTF-8"
    `export LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"`
  4. Clone the Photon project:

    git clone

    cd $HOME/workspaces/photon

  5. Download latest VDDK from below link:

  6. Search for VMware-ovftool in the same site and install it.

    For example:

    ovftool downloaded file:


    Add exec permission and run it as sudo:

    $ chmod +x VMware-ovftool-4.3.0-13981069-lin.x86_64.bundle && sudo ./VMware-ovftool-4.3.0-13981069-lin.x86_64.bundle --eulas-agreed --required

  7. For VDDK, if the downloaded file is VMware-vix-disklib-6.7.0-8173251.x86_64.tar.gz, untar the downloaded tarball:

    $ tar xf VMware-vix-disklib-6.7.0-8173251.x86_64.tar.gz

  8. Navigate to extracted directory.

  • Move the header files to /usr/include

    $ sudo mv include/*.h /usr/include

  • Move the shared libs to /usr/lib/vmware $ sudo mkdir -p /usr/lib/vmware && sudo mv lib64/* /usr/lib/vmware && sudo rm /usr/lib/vmware/*

  1. Export /usr/lib/vmware library path(only for current session). Do this step every time you try to build an ova image.

    $ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/vmware

  2. Navigate to your intended Photon source repository and run the following command.

    `sudo make image IMG_NAME=ova`
  3. Make the image for OVA UEFI

sudo make image IMG_NAME=ova_uefi


This command first builds all RPMs corresponding to the SPEC files in your Photon repository and then builds a bootable ISO containing those RPMs.

The RPMs thus built are stored under stage/RPMS/ directory within the repository, using the following directory hierarchy:

    ├──noarch/*.noarch.rpm    [Architecture-independent RPMs]
    ├──x86_64/*.x86_64.rpm    [RPMs built for the x86-64 architecture]
    ├──aarch64/*.aarch64.rpm  [RPMs built for the aarch64 (ARM64) architecture]

The cloud image is created at `$HOME/workspaces/photon.

Last modified November 8, 2023: Update (3799256)