Building Package or Kernel Modules Using a Script

You can use a script to build a single Photon OS package without rebuilding all Photon OS packages. You just need a .spec specification file and sources. You place the sources and the specification files in the same folder and run the script. The script performs the following steps:

  • Creates sandbox using docker.
  • Installs build tools and .spec build requirements from the Photon OS repository.
  • Runs rpmbuild.

Result: You have a native Photon OS RPM package.

The script is located in the photon/tools/scripts/ folder.


Before you run the script, perform the following steps:

  • Ensure you have any Linux OS with docker daemon running.
  • Place the source and RPM .spec files in the same folder, that is, $WORKDIR.


Run the script. Provide the RPM .spec file name, including absolute or relative path, as argument:

./photon/tools/scripts/ <$WORKDIR/rpm_spec_file.spec>

The RPMs and full build logs are generated in the $WORKDIR/stage folder.


The following example runs the script with simple-module.spec as argument, where simple-module.spec is the specification file:

./photon/tools/scripts/ ~/photon/tools/examples/build_spec/simple-module.spec

The following are the contents of the simple-module.spec file:

Summary:        Simple Linux module
Name:           simple-module
Version:        4.18.9
Release:        5%{?dist}
License:    	GPLv2
Group:        	System Environment/Kernel
Vendor:         VMware, Inc.
Distribution: 	Photon
Source0:        module_example.tar.xz
BuildRequires:  linux-devel = 4.18.9
BuildRequires:  kmod
Requires:       linux = 4.18.9

Example of building linux module for Photon OS

%setup -q -n module_example

make -C `echo /usr/src/linux-headers-4.18.9*` M=`pwd` VERBOSE=1 modules %{?_smp_mflags}

make -C `echo /usr/src/linux-headers-4.18.9*` M=`pwd` INSTALL_MOD_PATH=%{buildroot} modules_install
# fix permissins to generate non empty debuginfo
find %{buildroot}/lib/modules -name '*.ko' -print0 | xargs -0 chmod u+x

/sbin/depmod -a


Build Logs

The following logs indicate the steps that the script performs internally:

1. Create sandbox
	Use local build template image OK
2. Prepare build environment
	Create source folder OK
	Copy sources from <HOME>/photon/tools/examples/build_spec/simple-module OK
	Install build requirements OK
3. Build
	Run rpmbuild OK
4. Get binaries
5. Destroy sandbox
	Stop container OK
	Remove container OK

Build completed. RPMS are in '<HOME>/photon/tools/examples/build_spec/simple-module/stage' folder
Last modified November 8, 2023: Update (3799256)